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Foot Pain in New Jersey

Are you unable to walk properly because of foot pain? Have you stopped enjoying your favorite activities because your feet hurt? With offices in Totowa and Lafayette Township, Performance Rehabilitation is a leading treatment center for foot pain experienced by the men and women in New Jersey.

What is Foot Pain?

Your foot is composed of muscles, ligaments, tendons, and bones. Its architecture allows for our weight to be evenly distributed while allowing for adaptions to changes in surface. Pain may result from overuse and strain/sprain or fracture. These affect the integrity of this perfect balance and cause pain.

What Causes Foot Pain?

Lifestyle Choices

Wearing improper and poor-fitting shoes is one of the main reasons for foot pain. High-heeled shoes are problematic because of the pressure they place on the toes, resulting in foot pain from bunions or hammer toes.

Common Medical Issues

People with diabetes are at greater risk for developing disorders and health complications. They are susceptible to the following issues:

  • Neuropathy
  • Foot sores or ulcers secondary to decreased sensation that can lead to gangrene and amputation

Other possible causes of foot pain include:

  • Hammer toe
  • Fallen arches
  • Corns
  • Warts
  • Bunions
  • Calluses
  • Athlete’s foot
  • Ingrown toenails
  • Medications that cause foot swelling
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Haglund’s Deformity
  • Neuroma (nerve tissue tumor)
  • Peripheral arterial disease

Heel Pain

Plantar fasciitis is a frequent source of heel pain. The plantar fascia is a large band of connective tissue that runs from the heel to the toes. Plantar fasciitis occurs when this connective tissue becomes tight, restricted, and inflamed. Heel pain is a prominent symptom of this condition. The pain in the heel is at its worse when a person gets out of bed in the morning. Arch pain is another symptom of this condition. Typical treatment for plantar fasciitis includes:

  • Engaging in exercises that stretch and strengthen the muscles of the heel and foot.
  • Resting
  • Taking over-the-counter medication to alleviate the pain.
  • Wearing shoes that provide good arch support and have a cushioned sole.
  • Ice massage

Ankle Pain

The majority of ankle pain is caused by ankle sprains. However, ankle pain is also attributed to ailments such as arthritis, ankle instability, ankle fracture, compressed nerves (tarsal tunnel syndrome), tendonitis, poor foot or leg alignment and infection.

Ankle pain is often accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • Stiffness, redness, swelling and a warm sensation.
  • Acute and dull pain.
  • Pain that is more noticeable when the ankle is moved, or weight is placed on it.

Treatment involves resting, immobilization, elevating the ankle and icing it. Cortisone injections, physical therapy, ibuprofen and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) may be used to treat ankle pain.

How is Foot Pain Diagnosed?

Our physical therapists at Performance Rehabilitation will perform a comprehensive examination that will include ruling out pain from the lumbar spine, gait assessment, lower quarter screening that includes the evaluation of how each joint is moving. ROM and muscle testing further aids in the process of determining the cause of your foot pain. Functional tests may include balancing on one leg, jumping, hopping, or running. Again, the examination is specific to you and how this process evolves is based upon your answers and response to treatment.

Foot pain may be a sign of a serious medical condition. If you have foot pain, contact us to schedule a personal consultation with one of the physicians at Performance Rehabilitation, located in Totowa and Lafayette Township in New Jersey.